Truthometer

BASEBALL PLAYERS PHOTOGRAPHED KNEELING TO PROTEST LYNCHING IN THE 50’S?

“Archival photos have revealed several white baseball players kneeling during the national anthem in protest of the lynching of innocent African Americans and Jim Crow laws.” I saw this post on Facebook through a mutual friend and had to attempt to learn more about it given the amount of scrutiny athletes today receive for protesting during the National Anthem. I had looked into the shares of this same article and there were people commenting how “fake it is” and how “this just couldn’t be true.” Times were so different in the 50’s than they are today so I took this topic to research. Before I researched for the original post, I decided to read laterally on the lifestyle of the 1950’s and how serious the racism issues were. This would be a good fact check because it relates so much to what is going on in sports today and would be interesting to compare and contrast the two time periods if they truly were experiencing the same type of protests, especially in sports.

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Through the original source, the article on Facebook led me to the site of which contained the original piece, BreakingNews247. This post contained only one statement about the photo and only one link to share the article on Facebook. This caused me to have to read more into the topic and do a Google search on other studies and articles about the topic.  The first move I made was what Caufield says by checking previous work. I found an article on Snopes claiming that this accusation (story) was in fact, false. 

“When fact-checking a particular claim, quote, or article, the simplest thing you can do is to see if someone has already done the work for you.”

-Caufield

Next, I decided to read laterally to figure out what other sites had to say about this specific claim. The first thing I decided to do was figure out how many times this article had been shared on social media from Buzzsumo.

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I came across a website called Social.Rollins.Edu which stated that, “The 1950s was an era of great conflict and black segregation was at its utmost.” They claimed that the main reason that change occurred during the 1950s was because segregation started to become part of American life.When these changes took place, it started to affect the life of a White American which caused an outburst amongst them. There has always been issues with race and segregation, so this information did not do much to prove the the credibility of the claim that I had been originally researching.

I went upstream again and found a link to “Your Power Connection” which was a WordPress site that claims, “history repeats itself.” Considering racism in sports and protesting in sports is something that is repeating itself over again. Given the way professional athletes are protesting today made it seem like this could in fact represent history repeating itself.

I continued to read laterally while getting more specific. I came across an article through a Google search on Sports Conflict explaining the racial segregation in American sports in the 20th century. This article explains that there were “Negro” leagues for non-white players all through the 1950’s. The official specific policies that were to be followed and obeyed by sports teams and players have affected communities and still play a part today. A rule called the “Rooney Rule” was established in 2003, and required teams to interview one minority candidate for the head coach position. The fact that this was a rule and a requirement in the sports industry shows how divided the sports were in 2003 and the years prior to that.

Next, I went farther and ended up on a sight called Independent.UK that discussed the first MLB player, Bruce Maxwell, kneeling during the national anthem in 2017. Considering this was a reliable site and source, I continued to read given if he really was the first to protest in the sport of baseball, the claim of the 1950’s team would be false.

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“My decision has been coming for a long time. I know I was on the fence for a long time because I know no one in baseball has ever done it. I finally got to the point where I thought the inequality of man is being discussed, and it’s being practiced from our president.”

-Bruce Maxwell

The last thing I did was go on Snopes to read what they had to say about the article that I knew they had already claimed to be false. The first thing that popped up for the further research was the article on Snopes which declared this article as false. Their point of origin claimed that a user was trying to “make light” of police brutality protests. They went to the fake news site Breaking News 247 and created a story to draw an audience and get people to read their stories to “prank their friends.” However, this picture seems to have come from a site explaining the biography of New York Yankees pitcher Vernon Gomez. In addition to that, Breaking News 247 posts a disclaimer on their site explaining to its users for the purpose of using their resources and tools (below).

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Snopes explains that, “breakingNews247.net is a prank news site that, like others of its ilk, allows anyone to create a headline and story that looks like an actual news article.” I never heard of this site until we discussed it in the beginning of the semester in Writing Research and Technology. Looking at stories made from this site would look real to someone who has never seen this site before and who doesn’t know the background and reason for the site.

After all, I need to be careful, actually all of us need to be careful, when believing and falling into stories on social media. In order to be more knowledgable, we need to research more about certain sites and how reliable they are. For an even more credible claim, reading laterally and going upstream on topics can really help when digging deeper into a specific topic.

 

[DRAFT] Truthometer

Baseball players photographed kneeling to protest lynching in the 50’s?

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“Archival photos have revealed several white baseball players kneeling during the national anthem in protest of the lynching of innocent African Americans and Jim Crow laws.” I saw this post on Facebook through a mutual friend and had to attempt to learn more about it given the amount of scrutiny athletes today receive for protesting during the National Anthem. I had looked into the shares of this same article and there were people commenting how “fake it is” and how “this just couldn’t be true.” Times were so different in the 50’s than they are today so I took this topic to research. Before I researched for the original post, I decided to read laterally on the lifestyle of the 1950’s and how serious the racism issues were. This would be a good fact check because it relates so much to what is going on in sports today and would be interesting to compare and contrast the two time periods if they truly were experiencing the same type of protests, especially in sports.

Through the original source, the article on Facebook led me to the site of which contained the original piece, BreakingNews247. This post contained only one statement about the photo and only one link to share the article on Facebook. This caused me to have to read more into the topic and do a Google search on other studies and articles about the topic. The first thing that popped up for the further research was the article on Snopes. The first thing I decided to do was figure out how many times this article had been shared on social media from Buzzsumo.

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I came across a website called Social.Rollins.Edu which stated that, “The 1950s was an era of great conflict and black segregation was at its utmost.” They claimed that the main reason that change occurred during the 1950s was because segregation started to become part of American life. When these changes took place, it started to affect the life of a White American which caused an outburst amongst them. There has always been issues with race and segregation so this information did not do much to prove the the credibility of the claim that I had been originally researching.

“Separate is not equal”

Jim Crow

I continued to read laterally while getting more specific. I came across an article through a Google search on Sports Conflict explaining the racial segregation in American sports in the 20th century. This article explains that there were “Negro” leagues for non-white players all through the 1950’s. The official specific policies that were to be followed and obeyed by sports teams and players have affected communities and still play a part today. A rule called the “Rooney Rule” was established in 2003, and required teams to interview one minority candidate for the head coach position. The fact that this was a rule and a requirement in the sports industry shows how divided the sports were in 2003 and the years prior to that.

Post #5- Three Claims

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1. Were cats being used as prizes in arcade games?

This was posted as a video on Shanghaiist‘s page on Facebook claiming that a specific machine with live cats as prizes, was “rigged.” The video made your heart skip a beat when the claw would come down and look like it was about to grab the kittens. You can watch the video here. The first thing I did when beginning my research on this topic was reading laterally on “animal cruelty in China.” According to Wikipedia,China is home to 130 million dogs, mostly pets and as China becomes wealthier, more people are owning pets, which increases opposition to animal cruelty.Before this was posted on this Facebook page, the story was published on a Chinese website called Chung Tien TV, which was all in Chinese making it impossible for me to understand. That is a setback in exploring the topic more. As I continued to search upstream, the person that posted the original video to Facebook claimed that “it was just a joke and it was for advertisement purposes.” It’s not evident from any of the known information that the cats had been kept inside the machine to be won as prizes. Given that this article is said to be found on Chung Tien TV originally, it is hard to start at the bottom of this research. Researching this specific topic can be a good and interesting fact check because of how much of the unknown there is behind the website that displays its information in a language a lot of us cannot read thoroughly. This fact check can be very time consuming but extremely interesting if the website was translated and we could get to the claimed, “original” first source.

2. Were Baseball Players Photographed Kneeling to Protest Lynchings in the 1950s?

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This was posted on Breaking News 247 claiming that white baseball players were kneeling in the 50’s to protest black lynchings. The picture below with a caption right underneath were the only things on the entire webpage, which sparked my attention given there was so little backing to the piece. It was hard to believe at first since there was such little information tying back to it. Again before going deeper into the fact checking, I read laterally on “1950’s sports protests.” The only results were posts of protests from today’s society and the football players who are protesting during the National Anthem. There were also two links that were directed and about this specific baseball protest in the 1950’s. This would be a good fact check for a longer search because of all the scrutiny and protests that are going on today.  Also, the 1950’s was a time that most of us weren’t around yet, so we cannot be sure that these things in fact happened or didn’t happen. We can go upstream with this post by researching what life was like in the 50’s and if there were these kinds of protests about racial issues to better understand if this could in fact be a fact and not fiction. This could be a good topic for a longer fact check given the circumstances athletes are under right now and can give us a sense of any of what is going on right now also happened back then.

3. Are Facebook Users Secretly Following You?

With many attacks on independent journalism, wouldn’t it be nice to know who is monitoring your page? Recently, a friend on Facebook shared a post claiming that people were being paid to watch individual accounts. Apparently, entering the term “Facebook Security” into the “Blocked Users” field would then reveal a list of people that have been monitoring your activity and who also are getting paid to monitor your site. I did a google search on Facebook security and was brought upon articles that claimed others could hack into your account without knowing your password. There was not much about Facebook users actually following you. Going back to the original post, apparently these users also had to be blocked from your profile in order to be able to monitor your social media. This can be a very interesting article and topic to search and dig deeper on given the amount of social media users there are today. It is said that the government monitors all of our activity on the web and also tracks our location so this can be an awesome search for anyone who is heavily involved in social media and who uses it often. Social media is a big part of our lives and it scares me how much it has taken over. Knowing if people really do monitor your profiles can be a huge safety concern along with entertainment.

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Hot tea causes cancer?

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I came across a recent study which claimed that drinking hot tea can contribute to cancer risk. The first thing I thought when I read this was, “but how, we drink tea when we’re sick, why would it have this serious of an effect?” However, reading further I found out that it is the actual temperature of the tea that could affect our health. As I continued reading the article on Medical News Today.

Tea has a good reputation and has been a reliable resource for when we are feeling sick or when we need a “pick me up” substitute for coffee. Tea is also known for giving off a lot of health benefits that make it an everyday thing in some people’s lives. These benefits are brought to us by the antioxidant compound effects like polyphenols.

As I continued reading the article on Medical News Today, drinking tea daily can also have negative correlation between the amount of tea consumed and the risk of cancer, especially esophageal cancer. Lead study author, Jun Lv from Peking University, goes on and explains states that exact statement, “the consumption of hot tea correlates with the onset of esophageal cancer.”

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After reading the article, I went back to see where this information originally came from and where I could find out more on the topic. This study came from the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the National Key Research and Development Program. This specific study’s findings were also published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine. To find the credibility of these sites I went to Google to do a search on credibility of the journal, foundations and development program. I found that all of the sources were credible when stating facts and publicizing information. Wikipedia says, “it is one of the most widely cited and influential specialty medical journals in the world.” The National Natural Science Foundation is also named “the major source of federal backing.”

As I was reading the study on Annals of Internal Medicine I discovered that Medical News Today forgot to include some important components of the initial study that would make their relaying of information more credible and more realistic. On the journal’s page for this specific topic, they linked the correlation between esophageal cancer and hot tea with the combination of tobacco and alcohol use. The site also described the study as a “probable cause” of cancer when combined with the consumption of hot tea and use of tobacco and alcohol.

The tea warning emerged from China, where researchers from the National Natural Science Foundation, followed the progress of 456,155 participants aged 30 to 79 for about nine years.

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The National Natural Science Foundation also found that this correlation is not the same everywhere in the world. Prof Andrew Sharrocks, from the University of Manchester, said, “We tend to drink tea at lower temperatures in the west than in China, which is less damaging to the oesophagus.” With that being said, there is no definite cause of cancer from drinking hot tea. There are a lot of factors that go into that correlation.

What I have learned from this news study that there is only so much we can trust from the first article we see. There are original sources that must be discovered and discussed before relying on the first site we see!

Site on Site?

In order to check our facts and them resulting to be true or false, we must have reliable sources that can prove what makes them fact or fiction. It’s a thing now a days that if it’s on the internet, it must be true. I know a lot of people that believe things must be true solely because they are published on the internet. But what they do not look into is the value and credibility of the site.

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Huffington Post is one of the biggest platforms on social media to speak out events and current news. These articles are something I see very often being shared on Facebook and social media. Most of the time they are news articles that catch my attention and talk about information that interests me. According to Wikipedia, Huffington Post includes news, satire, blogs and even covers politics. This reminds me of a site used for people to journal, blog to voice their opinions and to generate audience in the satire aspect. Wikipedia also describes The Huffington Post “only as credible as its writers.” Rooting from that, each article written and published through the Huffington Post is only as credible as its author. Given this information, the expertise of this site is as advanced as its writer. The Huffington Post relates to Wikipedia in the aspect of freedom in its writing and its authors.

However, according to a site called StatistaThe Huffington Post is considered 13 percent very credible, 25 percent somewhat credible and 17 percent not too credible. There is not a big range from credible to not too credible. This can reason from the site being a very open site with easy access to be a part of. There are options to write satire news and opinion based discussion for this site which can bring the source’s credibility down to a lower percent.

Although their site offers a lot of freedom, another site, mediabiasfactcheck.com claims that the source is more credible and less bias than a lot of other sources. In my opinion, it is hard to judge a site when it is full of freedom and non-employees being involved in the production of the website. Depending on the source, the opinions and views of The Huffngton Post vary. People’s credibility comes from their own sources and amount of experience within a certain field. For example, doctors and researchers can confirm facts and discussion about medical research while Aunt Sue on Facebook believes it to be confirmed because of the sole fact it is on the internet. Credibility is so important given the amount of internet users there are today. Most news we find out or facts we see, are published on the internet first. There can be so much discussion from so many different sites that it’s hard to find the credible source giving us the true answers.

 

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In order for the Huffington Post to be credible, there must be sources within those articles that make them credible. The Huffington Post was a hard site to consider when researching its credibility given the freedom of its writers and different site’s opinions on who is credible and who is not. Too much internet and not enough reliability!

Fact Check #2: Type 1 Diabetes Cure?

I was scrolling through Facebook and saw a post about there being a cure to Type 1 diabetes to “reverse” the disease.

WATCH HERE

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Only in the USA, 1.25 million people suffer from type one diabetes..

Unfortunately, there has never been a cure or a prevention against this disease. This has been something that those 1.25 million have had to deal with and live with everyday without any sort of prevention or questionable cure. But is that true?

“On the bright side, a vaccine used more than 100 years ago for tuberculosis as turned out to be promising when it comes to reversing this disease.”

There has been talk that there has been a vaccine discovered to reverse Type 1 Diabetes. If this vaccine has been so successful, why has there been little to no eruption about it, especially from the people it would affect? This vaccine was even said to REVERSE the disease. Type 1 diabetes has always been said to be incurable. And if you know all the details about type 1 diabetes, I think it would take more than a vaccine to make it go away.

Dig a little deeper..

When I first discovered this topic of “Type 1 Diabetes Vaccine to Reverse the Disease,” I said to myself there was no way this could be true since there was no discussion or “breaking news” on the topic. It caught my attention because I in fact, date a type 1 diabetic. If this was in fact true, I wanted to know every detail about it and how successful it really was.

On Snopes, a reader asked them to research the topic a little more. The vaccine, called bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), caused doubt and confusion and people wanted their answers and options. Their research with the President of the “Live Your Diabetes Foundation,” confirmed to the Snopes company that this claim was in fact false.

Going Upstream…

Going upstream, I searched and examined the URL’s instead of the titles of the pages. The URLs can tell a lot about what the site will include and gives a pretty accurate first impression. Along with that, I looked at sites with discussion boards that allowed others to comment on the topic, like below. Researching and fact checking is hard to do and the more content we look at while researching can help us get to an accurate depiction on whether or not the claim, or fact, is true or false. Searching in the process of upstream, offers more opinionated discussion. I also did the “highlight-right click” search which brought me to countless amounts of more pages that had to do with the vaccine and its conspiracies. This method of searching led me to different sites other than the ones I kept coming across time and time again after just searching, “type 1 diabetes vaccine” in the google search bar.

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Fact Check #1: NFL Admits To Rigging Games?

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Pass interference? Celebrating after Patriots Touchdowns?

During the AFC Championship game between the New England Patriots and the Jacksonville Jaguars, officials seemed to be celebrating with the win over Jacksonville. This caused uproar with NFL fans of opposing teams. Then a video was released.. that the NFL admitted to rigging games! Watch here

A video was released by Satire News claiming that the NFL are sometimes “fixed to drive revenue and ratings.” There were claims that NFL players have tweeted saying their coaches explained, “give the game to New England.” There were interviews with past referees explaining that they sit at lunch and speak about “sticking to someone that night.”

In the same video, a referee is shown standing at the center of the field explaining to the stadium that he will penalize the other team for “no good reason.” These statements made in the video are truly hard to believe for anyone that is a football fan.

But…

For someone who isn’t a big football fan and doesn’t know much about it??? This could be something they believe.

If you watch the video untilthe end, they admit to this being a “parody news story.” However, this is the problem. Given this video is six minutes long, not everyone will watch until the end. They will listen to the beginning, middle and read the title of the video and believe it because it looks like a real news story. Social media has taken over to the point of believing almost anything we see on the internet.

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This clip was published on YouTube along with Twitter and other social media sites without saying it was in fact, “satire.” Few people made their way to the original source which was a company called Satire News. This company stated themselves as a personal interest along with other purposes for their sites which are listed below. If we look closely, we can see how these news articles and posts can affect us if we do not dig deeper into the concept.

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^This information is posted on Satire News’ website in order to state the site’s purpose^

 

 

 

Graphics by snopes.com